Beta globulin proteins help carry substances, such as iron, through the bloodstream and help fight infection. They should normally not be detected in urine.
Proteins are found in the blood of healthy people. They play an important role in supporting optimal body functioning and health. For example, they:
– carry oxygen to where it’s needed in the body
– aid in digestion
– support muscle movement
– fight off disease
– support the growth and maintenance of tissues throughout the entire body
However, you should not have a lot of protein in your urine.
Most of the proteins in your body that help keep you healthy can be placed into two major groups: albumin and globulins.
Albumin is a single protein that’s found in high levels in the blood. Most globulins are produced in the liver.
They include four main types of proteins:
– alpha-1 globulin
– alpha-2 globulin
– beta globulin
– gamma globulin
If the urine sample has a significant amount of globulins or higher than normal level of albumin, it may mean any of the following:
– Acute inflammation (as opposed to chronic)
– Acute urinary tract infection
– Abnormal protein buildup in tissues and organs (amyloidosis)
– A type of blood cancer called multiple myeloma
– Group of symptoms that include protein in the urine, low protein level in the blood, swelling (nephrotic syndrome)
– Kidney disease due to diabetes (diabetic nephropathy)
– Reduced kidney function, kidney failure or kidney damage
Your doctor may need to perform other tests to pinpoint the exact cause of abnormal protein levels.
After your doctor identifies the cause, they can provide more information about potential treatment options.
– Understanding and Interpreting Serum Protein Electrophoresis [L]
– Protein Electrophoresis Immunofixation Electrophoresis [L]
Test results may vary depending on your age, gender, health history, the method used for the test, and other things. Your test results may not mean you have a problem. Ask your healthcare provider what your test results mean for you.
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