Dopamine is a chemical found naturally in the human body. It is a neurotransmitter, meaning it sends signals from the body to the brain. Dopamine plays a part in controlling the movements a person makes, as well as their emotional responses. The right balance of dopamine is vital for both physical and mental wellbeing.
Vital brain functions that affect mood, sleep, memory, learning, concentration, and motor control are influenced by the levels of dopamine in a person’s body.
Dopamine serves as the reward and pleasure center in the brain, and messenger of the sympathetic nervous system in the periphery. DOPAC and HVA are dopamine metabolites.
High Levels of Dopamine:
High dopamine is reported in patients with high in:
- paroxysmal hypertension
- primary aldosteronism
- mercury toxicity
Low levels of dopamine:
Dopamine is low in:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- anorexia nervosa
- periodic limb movement disorder
- sleep disturbances
- hypoadrenergic orthostatic hypotension
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